A REFERENCE TO THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS
Does the Book of Mormon evidence ancient and divine origins, or modern and human origins?
The Book of Mormon quotes anachronistically from the King James Version.
For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.
Moses, which he spake, saying: A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. And it shall come to pass that all those who will not hear that prophet shall be cut off from among the people.
— Apostle Peter
— 1 Nephi
For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.
To be carnally-minded is death, and to be spiritually-minded is life eternal
— Apostle Paul
— 2 Nephi
For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
Even this mortal shall put on immortality, and this corruption shall put on incorruption.
— Apostle Paul
And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
And again I say unto you, the Spirit saith: Behold, the ax is laid at the root of the tree; therefore every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit shall be hewn down and cast into the fire.
— John the Baptist
Jews exiled to Babylon and learn Aramaic
Book of Mormon: small group of Jews flee to the New World
|Hellenization: Greek influence over Israel
|Septuagint: OT translated into Greek
|Books of the NT written
|Latin Vulgate: Jerome translates Bible into Latin
|Book of Mormon (Reformed Egyptian) record ends and is buried
|King James translation of the Bible into English
|Book of Mormon published
The original books that comprise the Bible were written in three languages:
In the Book of Mormon narrative, around 600 BC, a small group of Jews flee to the New World, and are permanently separated from the Hellenization of Israel that would take place three centuries later. Greek words and concepts would be foreign to them, so we should not expect to see Greek words in the Book of Mormon.
|Alpha and Omega
|The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet should not be found on an ancient Reformed Egyptian text.
|The first Apostles were commissioned by Jesus Christ around 30 AD. The word apostle is from the Greek apostolos. In the Book of Mormon, an angel asks Nephi if he remembers the twelve apostles 600 years before Jesus was born.
‘Christ’ is from the Greek Christos, which is a translation of the Hebrew Mashiach (Messias / Messiah), which means ‘anointed one’. The word Christ is not used in the Old Testament. We do see Messias used in the New Testament, and it even explains the translation.
|Timothy is from the Greek Timotheos.
|‘Bible’ is from the Latin Biblia. The last book of the Bible was written as late as 90-100 AD, and the canonization of all the biblical books was developed thereafter. The Bible never calls itself the ‘Bible’. However, the Book of Mormon speaks of the Bible by name 600 years before the New Testament was ever written.
|From the Latin revelatio—not used in the Hebrew Old Testament, but used 31 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 588 BC.
From the Latin religio—not used in the Hebrew Old Testament, but used 10 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 72 BC.
Consider these passages from the book of Alma:
There was no Greek or Latin upon the plates from which I, through the grace of God, translated the Book of Mormon.
— Joseph Smith
The author of the Book of Mormon was familiar with Christian theology and interjected those concepts into the book’s pre-Christ era.
|Baptize / Baptism
|From the Greek baptizein. Introduced in the Gospels by John the Baptist. Not used in the Old Testament and Septuagint. However, it is used 139 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 600 BC.
|‘God the Father’
|The concept of God as father is presented in the Old Testament in terms of His father / child relationship with Israel. This was fully realized when Jesus Christ declared “Abba Father” (Mark 14:36, Romans 8:15, Galatians 4:6). The title ‘God the Father’ is not used in the Old Testament. However, it is used 14 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 124 BC.
|From the Old English godspel, from the Greek euangelion. Introduced by Jesus Christ, meaning ‘good news’. Not used in the Old Testament. However, it is used 41 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 600 BC.
|‘Kingdom of God’
|This phrase is unique to Christianity and is not used in the Old Testament. However, it is used 38 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 600 BC.
|‘Kingdom of Heaven’
|This phrase is unique to the Gospel of Apostle Matthew. It is not used in any other Old or New Testament book. However, it is used 17 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 600 BC.
|‘Lamb of God’
|This phrase is unique to the Gospel of Apostle John. It is not used in any other Old or New Testament book. However, it is used 35 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 600 BC.
|‘Mysteries of God’
|This phrase is used by Apostle Paul once (1 Corinthians 4:1). Paul also uses ‘Mystery of God’ (Colossians 2:2) as does Apostle John (Revelation 10:7). It is not used in any other Old or New Testament book. However, it is used eight times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 600 BC.
|‘Son of God’
|While ‘sons of god’ is used to label angels in the Old Testament, the title ‘Son of God’ is unique to Christianity as a title for Jesus Christ. The Book of Mormon uses this title 54 times, as early as 600 BC.
|From the Latin resurgere. The concept of coming back from the dead is in the Old Testament (Psalm 17:15, Daniel 12:2, Isaiah 26:19). ‘Resurrection’ as a technical term and concept is unique to the New Testament. However, it is used 81 times in the Book of Mormon, as early as 588 BC.
In Judaism, worship services are held daily. However, a weekly worship service is unique to Christianity.